Substance Abuse

Substance Abuse

There’s no denying that substance abuse is rampant among offenders. Not just prior to incarceration but afterward (and even during), as well. In Sacramento, an astounding 81% of arrests involve persons testing positive for illegal drug use.

About 50 to 66 percent of people incarcerated have symptoms that could qualify them for an official diagnosis of alcohol use disorder (alcohol abuse or alcoholism). (Source: National Institute on Drug Abuse)

Tens of thousands of Americans die every year as a result of opioid addiction. In California, more than 2,000 people died from opioid overdoses in 2016. Lawmakers say the problem is particularly bad in rural areas. (Source: US News & World Report, April 10, 2018)

In 2012, just over 25% of adults recently paroled from prison currently abuse either marijuana or some sort of prescription medication. That percentage jumps to 30.2% for those who receive probation for criminal activity involving marijuana use. (Source: SAMHSA.gov)

What is the best way to keep inmates with drug problems from returning to prison after their release? [P]rison officials now know it is substance abuse treatment both in prison and after release that really works. …prison-based substance abuse is effective – if combined with aftercare – and leads to major reductions in recidivism. (Source: American Psychological Assoc.)

For every $1 spent on rehabilitation, there is an average savings of $7 in benefits such as fewer medical costs, decreased crime and theft, increased employment, less money spent on housing inmates). Unfortunately, while drug rehab treatment can be very effective, 85% of people with a drug addiction don’t receive treatment.

Treatment of offenders dealing with serious substance-related issues saves California an average of $2,300 per person, equating to a total savings of roughly $100 million in a single year. (Source: American Journal of Public Health)

Substance abuse is a significant issue in reentry, making a Substance Misuse program vital to the success of any reentry effort.

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